• [S2] Ancestry, online Ancestry.com, Ancestry.com (Provo, Utah), downloaded November 29, 1995.
  • [S3] Richard Feuerbourn, online <http://www.mueggenborgfamily.com/>, Richard Feuerbourn (File - Kay Davis), downloaded 2005.
  • [S5] Centennial Committee, editor, St. Bernard Parish, Breda, Iowa 1880-1980 (Chicago, Ill 60603: Concord Studios, Ltd., 1980). Hereinafter cited as St. Bernard Parish, Breda, Iowa 1880-1980.
  • [S7] Social Security Death Index, as seen on FamilySearch.org (Washington D.C.: Social Security Administration). Hereinafter cited as Social Security Death Index.
  • [S9] Frank Nieland Family Genealogy, Genealogy Report, 2004, Pat & Howard Metzger Collection, Estherville, Emmet County, Iowa.
  • [S10] Centennial Committee, editor, Older Days Renewed: Breda Centennial 1877 - 1977 (Breda, Iowa: Breda News Press, 1977). Hereinafter cited as Older Days Renewed 1877-1977.
  • [S11] Memories of Ben & Mary Nieland, Unpublished manuscript, 1993,.
  • [S12] Letter from Joan Wittry Hannasch (Rosemount, MN) to Kay Davis, 5/11/01;.
  • [S13] Richard Feuerborn Kay Davis. 10 August 2001 14121 Crossing Way E Edmond, OK 73013-4733.
  • [S16] Lorraine Nieland Starman Kay Davis. 5 Nov 2001 Maquoketa, Iowa.
  • [S19] Allen Koster, "Koster Family Information," e-mail message from <e-mail address> (Kent, WA) to Kay Davis, December 2001. Hereinafter cited as "Email from Allen Koster."
  • [S20] Schelle/Stallman Web Site by Barbara Speck, online <http://geocities.com/hartland/river/7385/schelle.htm>. Hereinafter cited as Family of Anna Mary Schelle.
  • [S28] , 1910 Federal Population Census, ,.
  • [S40] Compiled information by the Iowa Historical Society, Iowa Cemetery Information, Des Moines, Iowa;.
  • [S50] The Breda News, Breda, Iowa
    ,.
  • [S53] The Ellis Island Foundation Web Site, online <www.ellisisland.com>. Hereinafter cited as The Ellis Island Foundation Web Site.
  • [S55] Holy Trinity Cemetery Online, online <www.rootsweb.com/~okcemete/canadian/holytrinity/holytrinity.htm>. Hereinafter cited as Oklahoma Cemeteries List - Holy Trinity - Roots Web.
  • [S59] Centenial Committee., Lidderdale Centennial Book.
  • [S61] Microfilm, Passenger List, Boston; M237, Roll 75 (Washington, D.C.: NARA).
  • [S66] David Nieland Kay Davis. 7 January 2003 Mesa, Arizona.
  • [S71] "St. Vitus Katholische Kirche Kirchenbüch, Südlohn, Westphalia, Prussia", Südlohn, Kreis Borken, Westphalia, Prussia, 1815-1848 , FHL # 1049389 translated from German, Hereinafter cited as St. Vitus Katholische Kirchenbüch, Südlohn.
  • [S81] "St. Servatius Katholische Kirche Kirchenbüch, Berge, Hanover", Berge, Kreis Bersenbrück, Niedersachsen, Hanover, 1856-1860 , FHL # 1272925 translated from German, Hereinafter cited as St. Servatius Katholische Kirchenbüch, Berge.
  • [S84] "St. Ludggerus Katholische Kirche, Kirchenbüch, Weseke, Westphalia, Prussia (1822 - 1875)", Weseke, Westphalia, Prussia, 1822-1875 , FHL # 0860803 translated from German, Hereinafter cited as St. Ludggerus Katholische, Weseke 1822 - 1875.
  • [S95] Richard Eischeid, "Boes Family Update," e-mail message from <e-mail address> (Bettendorf, Iowa) to Kay Davis, April 2005. Hereinafter cited as "E-Mail Message from Dick Eischeid."
  • [S106] Database on-line: Birth Records, by Ancestry.com; 1935-2002; unknown repository, unknown repository address. Online <http://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll>; Minnesota Birth Index.
  • [S109] Friedrich Müller, Westfailische Auswanderer Im 19. Jahnhundert: Auswanserung aus dem Regierungsbezirk Münster, II Teil (Münster, Westphalia, Germany: Westfalische Gesellschaft für Genealogic und familien Forschung, 2004). Hereinafter cited as Westfailische Auswanderer Im 19. Jahnhundert.
  • [S116] "St. Walburga Katholische Kirche Kirche, Ramsdorf, Westphalia, Prussia", Ramsdorf, Westphalia, Prussia, 1820-1875 , FHL # 0858952 translated from German, Hereinafter cited as St. Walburga Katholische Kirche Kirche.
  • [S134] Enlistment records, US World War II Army Enlistment Records, 1938-1946 (College Park, Maryland: National Archives and Record Administration). Hereinafter cited as US World War II Army Enlistment Records, 1938-1946.
  • [S135] The Carroll Daily Times Herald, Carroll, Iowa,.
  • [S136] The Cedar Rapids Gazette, Cedar Rapids, Iowa, Cedar Rapids, Iowa.
  • [S142] The Waterloo Daily Courier, Waterloo, Iowa,.
  • [S144] Texas Marriage Collection, 1814-1909 and 1966-2002, online <Ancestry.com>. Hereinafter cited as Texas Marriage Collection.
  • [S158] El Reno Tribune, El Reno, Oklahoma, El Reno, Oklahoma.
  • [S159] The Des Moines Register, Des Moines, Iowa,.
  • [S167] The Sioux City Journal, Sioux City, Iowa,.
  • [S185] The Kingfisher Times and Free Press, Kingfisher, Oklahoma,.
  • [S211] Obituary, The Oklahoman, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. Hereinafter cited as The Oklahoman, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.
  • [S214] Obituary, The Emmetsburg Reporter/Democrat, Emmetsburg, Iowa, Emmetsburg, Iowa. Hereinafter cited as Emmetsburg Reporter/Democrat, Emmetsburg, Iowa.
  • [S220] Obituary, The Okarche Chieftain, Okarche, Oklahoma, Okarche, Oklahoma. Hereinafter cited as Okarche Chieftain, Okarche, Oklahoma.
  • [S222] Obituary, The Stillwater News Press, Stillwater, Oklahoma, Stillwater, Oklahoma. Hereinafter cited as Stillwater News Press, Stillwater, Oklahoma.
  • [S223] Obituary, The Enid Times and Eagle, Enid, Oklahoma, Enid, Oklahoma. Hereinafter cited as Enid Times and Eagle, Enid, Oklahoma.
  • [S231] The Sharp Funeral Home web site, Carroll, Iowa, online www.sharpfuneral.com. Hereinafter cited as Sharp Funeral Home web site, Carroll, Iowa.
  • [S236] Obituary, The Bayard News, Bayard, Iowa, Bayard, Iowa. Hereinafter cited as Bayard News, Bayard, Iowa.
  • [S240] The Carlson Funeral Homes, LeMars, Iowa, online www.carlsenfuneralhome.com/. Hereinafter cited as Carlson Funeral Homes, LeMars, Iowa.
  • [S244] Obituary, The Creston News Advertiser, Creston, Iowa, Creston, Iowa. Hereinafter cited as Creston News Advertiser, Creston, Iowa.
  • [S246] Obituary, The El Reno American, El Reno, Oklahoma, El Reno, Oklahoma. Hereinafter cited as El Reno American, El Reno, Oklahoma.
  • [S259] Obituary, The New Ulm Journal, New Ulm, Minnesota, New Ulm, Minnesota. Hereinafter cited as New Ulm Journal, New Ulm, Minnesota.
  • [S261] Obituary, The Whittier Daily News, Whittier, California, Whittier, California. Hereinafter cited as Whittier Daily News, Whittier, California.
  • [S273] Unknown article title, The LaCrosse Tribune, LaCrosse, Wisconsin, LaCrosse, Wisconsin. Hereinafter cited as LaCrosse Tribune, LaCrosse, Wisconsin.
  • [S297] Obituary, The Columbian, Vancouver, Washinton, Vancouver, Washinton. Hereinafter cited as Columbian, Vancouver, Washinton.